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"People will come from East and West"

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Early in the first half of the twentieth century, the social settle ment movement in the United States sought to respond to the flood of foreign immigrants pouring into American cities from all over the world. The Progressive reformers who organized and staffed settlement houses (also known as neighborhood houses) wanted to provide much-needed social services to immigrants while also introducing them to "American" mores. Presbyterians responded to the needs of these new populations.

Congregations transformed missions and Sunday schools into settlement houses. Presbyteries and synods worked with local and national organizations to sponsor new community centers. These settlement houses reached out to a varied mix of cultures including Asian, Italian, Dutch, and Eastern European. Through the years, the neighborhood houses evolved, their work changing with the needs of the specific community.